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efavirenz

What is Efavirenz?

The salt Efavirenz is used for the treatment of Hiv Infection and other conditions.

Efavirenz Uses

Efavirenz is used for the treatment, control, prevention, & improvement of the following diseases, conditions and symptoms:

    • Hiv Infection

Efavirenz Working, Mechanism of Action and Pharmacology

Efavirenz improves the patient's condition by performing the following functions:

    • Inhibiting the replication of HIV cells.

Efavirenz - Side-effects

The following is a list of possible side-effects that may occur in medicines that contain Efavirenz. This is not a comprehensive list. These side-effects are possible, but do not always occur. Some of the side-effects may be rare but serious. Consult your doctor if you observe any of the following side-effects, especially if they do not go away.

    • Tiredness
    • Skin Rash
    • Vomiting
    • Anger
    • Depressed Mood
    • Abnormal Dreams

Efavirenz - Precautions & How to Use

Before using this drug, inform your doctor about your current list of medications, over the counter products (e.g. vitamins, herbal supplements, etc.), allergies, pre-existing diseases, and current health conditions (e.g. pregnancy, upcoming surgery, etc.). Some health conditions may make you more susceptible to the side-effects of the drug. Take as directed by your doctor or follow the direction printed on the product insert. Dosage is based on your condition. Tell your doctor if your condition persists or worsens. Important counseling points are listed below.

    • Always taken in combination with other anti-HIV medicines and never alone
    • Any signs of skin rash or inflammation or infection
    • Children
    • Difficulty concentrating or abnormal dreaming
    • Difficulty sleeping
    • Dizziness

Efavirenz - Drug Interactions

If you take other drugs or over the counter products at the same time, the effects of Efavirenz may change. This may increase your risk for side-effects or cause your drug not to work properly. Tell your doctor about all the drugs, vitamins, and herbal supplements you are using, so that you doctor can help you prevent or manage drug interactions. Efavirenz may interact with the following drugs and products:

    • Ativan
    • Ergostat
    • Indinavir
    • Norvir
    • Saquinavir
    • Valium

Efavirenz - Contraindications

Hypersensitivity to Efavirenz is a contraindication. In addition, Efavirenz should not be taken if you have the following conditions:

    • Allergic
    • Hypersensitivity
    • Lactation
    • Severe hepatic impairment
    • Severe liver disease

Other important Information on Efavirenz

Missing a dose

In case you miss a dose, take it as soon as you notice. If it is close to the time of your next dose, skip the missed dose and resume your dosing schedule. Do not take extra dose to make up for a missed dose. If you are regularly missing doses, consider setting an alarm or asking a family member to remind you. Please consult your doctor to discuss changes in your dosing schedule or a new schedule to make up for missed doses, if you have missed too many doses recently.

Overdosage of Efavirenz

Do not take more than prescribed dose. Taking more medication will not improve your symptoms; rather they may cause poisoning or serious side-effects. If you suspect that you or anyone else who may have overdosed of Efavirenz, please go to the emergency department of the closest hospital or nursing home. Bring a medicine box, container, or label with you to help doctors with necessary information.

Do not give your medicines to other people even if you know that they have the same condition or it seems that they may have similar conditions. This may lead to overdosage.

Please consult your physician or pharmacist or product package for more information.

Storage of Efavirenz

Store medicines at room temperature, away from heat and direct light. Do not freeze medicines unless required by package insert. Keep medicines away from children and pets.

Do not flush medications down the toilet or pour them into drainage unless instructed to do so. Medication discarded in this manner may contaminate the environment. Please consult your pharmacist or doctor for more details on how to safely discard Efavirenz.

Expired Efavirenz

Taking a single dose of expired Efavirenz is unlikely to produce an adverse event. However, please discuss with your primary health provider or pharmacist for proper advice or if you feel unwell or sick. Expired drug may become ineffective in treating your prescribed conditions. To be on the safe side, it is important not to take expired drug. If you have a chronic illness that requires taking medicine constantly such as heart condition, seizures, and life-threatening allergies, you are much safer keeping in touch with your primary health care provider so that you can have a fresh supply of unexpired medications.

Efavirenz - Frequently asked Questions

Is it safe to drive or operate heavy machinery when consuming?

If you experience drowsiness, dizziness, hypotension or a headache as side-effects when eating Efavirenz medicine then it may not be safe to drive a vehicle or operate heavy machinery. One should not drive a vehicle if eating the medicine makes you drowsy, dizzy or lowers your blood-pressure extensively. Pharmacists also advise patients not to drink alcohol with medicines as alcohol intensifies drowsiness side-effects. Please check for these effects on your body when using Efavirenz. Always consult with your doctor for recommendations specific to your body and health conditions.

Is this medicine or product addictive or habit forming?

Most medicines don't come with a potential for addiction or abuse. Usually, government's categorizes medicines that can be addictive as controlled substances. Examples include schedule H or X in India and schedule II-V in the US. Please consult the product package to make sure that the medicine does not belong to such special categorizations of medicines. Lastly, do not self-medicate and increase your body's dependence to medicines without the advice of a doctor.

Can it be stopped immediately or do I have to slowly ween off consumption?

Some medicines need to be tapered or cannot be stopped immediately because of rebound effects. Please consult with your doctor for recommendations specific to your body, health and other medications that you may be using.

 

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